Early 19C Aquatint Engraving of Margrave by John Frederick Herring Snr

Early 19C Aquatint Engraving of Margrave by John Frederick Herring Snr

Presenting a FABULOUS and VERY RARE, ORIGINAL Early-19th Century Chromolithograph Engraving after a painting by John Frederick Herring Snr…………….engraved by Charles Hunt….circa 1833.

This original engraving is of “MARGRAVE” ….”The Winner of the Great St. Leger Stakes at Doncaster, 1832” shown with his victorious rider/jockey…Jem Robinson.

The engraving reports that of the 1832 St. Leger…there were 73 Subscribers of which 17 started.

Margrave’s breeding is recorded on the print as being ” By Muley, out of Principessas dam, by Election O.

The Owner of Margate is recorded as ” The Property of J. Gully Esq.”.

“To Whom this Print by permission is most respectfully dedicated by the Publishers….J.F. Herring and S & J Fuller”.

“London published February 21, 1833 by S. & J. Fuller, at their Sporting Gallery, 34 Rathbone Place and at J.F. Herring S, Six Mile Bottom near Newmarket”.

“Painted by J. F. Herring , S.M.B. Newmarket”.

This Aquantint beautifully captures the Winning Horse and Jockey that were victorious in the 1832 running of the St. Leger Stakes at Newmarket by John Frederick Herring, Sr.., one of Great Britain’s most renown sporting artists who did commissioned work for the Duchess of Kent and Queen Victoria. Herring’s Original aquatint, hand-colored prints are EXTREMELY POPULAR and HIGHLY SOUGHT AFTER. The engraving is  presented under glass in its original oak frame with gilt fillets.

This ORIGINAL Chromolithograph or hand colored aquatint of Margate is by the VERY FAMOUS and HIGHLY DESIRABLE and SOUGHT AFTER British Artist John Frederick Herring Senior.

The engraving is HUGELY IMPRESSIVE and in SUPERB CONDITION for its age !

Early 19C Aquatint Engraving of Margrave by John Frederick Herring Snr.

John Frederick Herring Sr. (12 September 1795 – 23 September 1865),[1] also known as John Frederick Herring I, was a painter, sign maker and coachman in Victorian England.[2][3] He painted the 1848 “Pharoah’s Chariot Horses” (archaic spelling “Pharoah”). He amended his signature “SR” (senior) in 1836, with the growing fame of his teenage son (1 of 4) John Frederick Herring Jr.

Herring, born in London in 1795, was the son of a London merchant of Dutch parentage, who had been born overseas in America. The first eighteen years of Herring’s life were spent in London, where his greatest interests were drawing and horses.[2] In the year 1814, at the age of 18, he moved to Doncaster in the north of England, arriving in time to witness the Duke of Hamilton’s “William” win the St. Leger Stakes horserace. By 1815, Herring had married Ann Harris; his sons John Frederick Herring Jr., Charles Herring, and Benjamin Herring were all to become artists, while his two daughters, Ann and Emma, both married painters. When she was barely of age in 1845 Ann married Harrison Weir.

In Doncaster, England, Herring was employed as a painter of inn signs and coach insignia on the sides of coaches,[3] and his later contact with a firm owned by a Mr. Wood led to Herring’s subsequent employment as a night coach driver. Herring spent his spare time painting portraits of horses for inn parlors, and he became known as the “artist coachman” (at the time).[2] Herring’s talent was recognized by wealthy customers, and he began painting hunters and racehorses for the gentry.

In 1830, John Frederick Herring, Senior left Doncaster for Newmarket, England, where he spent three years before moving to London, England.[2] During this time, Herring might have received tuition from Abraham Cooper. In London, Herring experienced financial difficulties and was given financial assistance by W. T. Copeland, who commissioned many paintings, including some designs used for the Copeland Spode bone china. In 1840-1841, Herring visited Paris, painting several pictures, on the invitation of the Duc d’Orleans (the Duke of Orleans), son of the French King Louis-Phillipe.

In 1845, Herring was appointed Animal Painter to HRH the Duchess of Kent, followed by a subsequent commission from the ruling Queen Victoria, who remained a patron for the rest of his life.

In 1853, Herring moved to rural Kent in the southeast of England and stopped painting horse portraits.[3] He spent the last 12 years of his life at Meopham Park near Tonbridge, where he lived as a country squire. He then broadened his subject matter by painting agricultural scenes and narrative pictures, as well as his better known sporting works of hunting, racing and shooting.

A highly successful and prolific artist, Herring ranks along with Sir Edwin Landseer as one of the more eminent animal painters of mid-nineteenth (19th) century Europe.[2] The paintings of Herring were very popular, and many were engraved, including his 33 winners of the St. Leger and his 21 winners of the Derby. Herring exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1818–1865,[3] at the British Institution from 1830–1865,[2] and at the Society of British Artists in 1836-1852, where Herring became Vice-President in 1842.

Link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Frederick_Herring_Sr.

Margrave (1829–1852) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire best known for winning the St Leger Stakes in 1832. In a racing career which lasted from June 1831 until April 1833 he ran ten times and won six races. He was one of the leading British two-year-olds of 1831, when his three wins included the Criterion Stakes at Newmarket and he was one of the favourites for the following year’s British Classic Races. He finished fourth in the Epsom Derby, allegedly being held back to allow another of his owner’s horses to win. In autumn he won the St Leger and the Grand Duke Michael Stakes but ran poorly on his only race as a four-year-old the following spring. He was then retired to stud where he had some success as a sire of winners in both the United Kingdom and the United States.

Margrave was bred by Alexander Nowell at Underley Hall near Kirkby Lonsdale in Westmoreland where his sire Muley was based.[1] Muley was a son of the Derby-winning mare Eleanor and won two races as a five-year-old at Newmarket in 1815. His early stud career was disappointing and he had been covering half-bred mares for some time before being bought by Nowell and relocated to Underley where he had considerable success. In addition to Margrave, he sired the Classic winners Little Wonder (Epsom Derby) and Vespa (Epsom Oaks).[2]

Margrave was an very dark-coated chestnut with no white markings. He was a large, powerful colt, standing 16 hands high,[3] but not an attractive individual, being described as “a great, ugly horse… with lopping ears”.[4] As a three-year-old, he was trained by John Scott, who sent out the winners of 41 classics, from his Whitewall Stables at Malton in North Yorkshire.

1831: two-year-old season

Margrave racing career began at Stockbridge in Hampshire on 8 June 1831 when he raced in the colours of Mr Wreford. In a six furlong sweepstake he started 2/1 second favourite in a field of four and won by a length after “a good race”[5] from Mr Sadler’s filly Eleanor.[6] After this race Margrave was sold and entered into the ownership of Mr Dilly. The colt did not run again until 24 August when he appeared for a half-mile sweepstakes at Winchester. He did not have to race for the prize, as his three opponents were withdrawn, allowing him to walk over.[7] By late September, Margrave was being regarded as a potential winner of the following year’s Derby, being offered at odds of 13/1.[8]

In October, Margrave was sent to Newmarket Racecourse where he contested the five furlong Clearwell Stakes, one of the season’s most important races for two-year-olds. He started at odds of 7/1 against twelve opponents. He started very poorly but made ground in the closing stages and finished second by half a length[4] to the favourite Emiliana, a filly owned and trained by William Chifney.[9] At the Newmarket Hougton meeting two weeks later, Margrave was one of nine runners for the equally important Criterion Stakes. Ridden by George Edwards, he started the 2/1 favourite and won from Colonel Peel’s colt Archibald,[10] who went on to win the 2000 Guineas.

1832: three-year-old season

Before his first run in 1832, Margrave was bought for 2,500 guineas by John Gully a former champion prize-fighter who had built a second career as a professional gambler and bookmaker. Gully, in association with Robert Ridsdale, also owned a colt named St Giles, who had shown little ability as a two-year-old, but showed improved form in early 1832. From the time he was purchased by Gully, Margrave’s odds for the Derby lengthened, while St Giles was heavily supported, leading to speculation that the result of the race being arranged to bring off a betting coup.[11]

On 7 June, having survived an objection from a Mr Wheeler who claimed that he was actually a four-year-old,[12] Margrave started at odds of 7/1 for the Derby at Epsom Downs Racecourse in a field of 22 runners. The race was won by St Giles, the 3/1 favourite, with Margrave, who was not given a hard race by his jockey, finishing in fourth place. The Sporting Magazine’s correspondent was convinced that Margrave (“by far the best horse in the race”) had been deliberately held back to facilitate the success of his stable companion.[13]

Margrave did not run again until 18 September when he was sent to Doncaster Racecourse for the St Leger Stakes. Ridden by Jem Robinson, he was made the 8/1 fourth choice in the betting in a field of seventeen colts and fillies, his odds having lengthened in the week before the race after reports that he had injured a leg and was unlikely to take part.[14] Robinson restrained the colt and he was not among the early leaders but began to make steady progress when the pace quickened in the straight. In the final furlong Margrave produced a strong late challenge on the outside to overtake the leader Birdcatcher (not to be confused with the similarly named Irish horse) and won by three quarters of a length.[15] The Sporting Magazine criticised the very slow early pace and described Margrave as a “coarse, heavy looking horse”, but admitted that he won the race very easily.[16] Two days later, over the same course and distance, Margrave started at odds of 1/5 for the Gascoigne Stakes and won from his only opponent, a colt named Julius.[17]

Margrave ended his season with two runs at Newmarket’s First October meeting, having walked the one hundred and thirty miles from Doncaster in less than two weeks.[18] On the opening day of the meeting he won the Grand Duke Michael Stakes over ten furlongs, beating Lord Exeter‘s previously undefeated Oaks winner Galata.[19] Two days later, Margrave started odd-on favourite for the Newmarket St Leger over the two-mile “Ditch-In”. After a slow early pace, the race ended with a strongly contested sprint finish in which Margrave was beaten a head by the locally trained Archibald who had been rested for several weeks with the race as his objective.[18][20] There was some criticism of Jem Robinson’s tactics on the runner-up, as it was felt that he should have made use of Margrave’s stamina by setting a stronger pace.[21] At the Houghton meeting four weeks later, Margrave was withdrawn from a scheduled match race against the four-year-old filly Camarine, with Gully paying a £150 forfeit.[22]

1833: four-year-old season

Margrave reappeared as a four-year-old at the Newmarket Craven meeting in April. In the two mile Claret Stakes he had little support in the betting and finished last of the four runners behind the Duke of Cleveland‘s colt Trustee.[23] Later in the month he had been scheduled to run a match race over Newmarket’s Abington Mile against Lord Conyngham’s horse Bassetlaw. As Bassetlaw had died some time before, Gully was able to claim a prize of £200 without having to run his colt.[24]

Stud career

After standing at Bishop Burton, near Beverley in Yorkshire for two seasons he was sold to Merritt & Company and exported to Virginia in 1835.[4] He later stood in Tennessee before being sold to Major Gee and moved to Alabama where he died in 1852.

During his brief British stud career Margrave sired several good winners, as well as an unnamed mare who produced the 2000 Guineas and St Leger winner Sir Tatton Sykes. In the United States he was never a popular stallion, but sired several successful runners including Blue Dick, Brown Dick and Doubloon, as well as several influential broodmares including the female-line ancestors of Tom Ochiltree, Aristides, Apollo, Stone Street and Mata Hari.

Link; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margrave_(horse)

Early 19C Aquatint Engraving of Margrave by John Frederick Herring Snr.

Charles Hunt (1803 – 1877) was one of the Victorian Era’s finest engravers. He worked closely with John Frederick Herring Snr and Jnr and S & J Fuller Publishers.

Link: http://www.avictorian.com/Hunt_Charles.html

Early 19C Aquatint Engraving of Margrave by John Frederick Herring Snr.

S. & J. Fuller were renowned London based publishers from 1809 to 1862. They had their premises at 34 Rathbone Place, London.

Link: http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/term_details.aspx?bioId=16890

Early 19C Aquatint Engraving of Margrave by John Frederick Herring Snr.

Additional Link: http://www.john-frederick-herring.org/



Early 19C Aquatint Engraving of Margrave by John Frederick Herring Snr.

The engraving has some very minor discolorations in the original paper. However, this is consistent with it’s age and not serious.

We would not recommend any restoration to this print.

We are of the opinion that this is an ORIGINAL ENGRAVING and is just beautiful the way it is. It is historical…..looks historical and exudes it’s age and quality !

Provenance: Bought from a Collector in Dallas

Dimensions: Each is 25″ Wide and 22″ Long (In Frame)


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