PRESENTING A LOVELY 19C Anglo Indian Carved Padouk Wood with Sadeli Mosaic Inlay Sewing Box.
Another piece from our LARGE Anglo-Indian Collection!
From Bombay, India, circa 1880
The time of the Raj!
The box is made from sandalwood with raised highly carved padouk wood panels on all sides, featuring elephants, tigers and birds of paradise in floral settings.
It is edged in bone (and we can tell it is bone and not ivory from the color and evidence of capillaries which are not found in ivory), and banded with Bombay Sadeli mosaic and ebony veneer.
The interior of this box is in very good condition.
It still has its original mirror (with original green velvet lining behind it) and various lidded compartments.
The internal removeable tray has 6 lidded compartments, 6 covers for thimbles etc and original blue velvet pin cushion.
It has its original brass carry handles.
It sits on 4 gold button feet, which are recent additions.
Some repairs to the exterior and condition issues (priced accordingly), but still a LOVELY COLLECTIBLE box!
These boxes were made by superb Indian craftsmen, specifically for sale to the ruling British elite. These types of boxes, carved padouk and sandalwood, (whilst beautiful and superbly crafted) were of a lesser quality, than the more profusely and intricately mosaic inlay, tortoiseshell and ivory boxes, made for the British ‘Upper Classes’ in the areas of Bombay and Vizagapatam. These type of boxes were much more affordable back in 1880 (and indeed today) and would probably have been bought by mid-level diplomats, civil servants or visitors.
Sewing boxes (in general), were in EVERY Victorian home in Britain in the 19th Century and like other boxes etc were ‘status symbols’ of your place in society! The more ornate the box, the more ‘Upper Class’ you were!
SADELI MOSAIC: “Anglo Indian boxes were made in India for the English residents from the early part of the 18th century. They were brought back or sent back to England usually by the people who had commissioned them. From the beginning of the nineteenth century they were imported more commercially, although not in any significant numbers until the middle decades. They were very highly valued, especially the early ones, to the extent that the designs were copied on late 19th and early 20th century tins.
The ancient art of Sadeli Mosaic is said to have been introduced from Shiraz in Persia via Sind to Bombay, a long time before the Anglo Indian boxes were made. It was a technique, which required a high degree of skill and patience. It was executed very lavishly, in that the frequent cuts wasted a great amount of the precious materials used. The workmanship was however more than commensurable to the value of the materials.
Ivory, silver, pewter (or other metals), wood and horn were cut into faceted rods which were bound together to form geometric patterns. When the glue has set, the rods were sliced in transverse sections. This gave the maker a number of angled circular pieces in the original pattern. Several variations of patterns could be achieved by combining the materials in different ways. The ivory was sometimes dyed green to give an extra color.
The mosaic pieces in a combination of patterns, often separated by ivory, ebony, horn or silver stringing were used to veneer sandalwood boxes. In the early boxes, which date from the turn of the 18th to the 19th century, there are large panels of mosaic covering tops and sides of boxes. It took incredible skill to cover such large areas without any shakes or wavering of the pattern. The corners and joins on these boxes are impeccably matched.
The makers (reputed to be Persian) of Sadeli mosaic made in the first two decades of the 19th century displayed a total understanding of the qualities of the different materials they used. They combined substances, which can expand and contract according to atmospheric conditions with others, which are hard and unyielding. The result was a sharp definition of the lines and patterns, which made up the whole design.
On the early boxes the designs look deceptively simple. The fact is, they emerged from a culture, which had mastered geometry and understood how to generate a pattern from a set number of points. The patterns are so harmoniously combined that their incredible complexity is not immediately apparent.
The earliest Sadeli boxes are of simple rectangular shapes. The combination of the diverse patterns is a triumph of artistic judgment, impeccable workmanship and deep respect for the material in hand. The boxes have an opulence emanating from the richness of the materials, yet the total control of these materials and the cerebral nature of the overall designs give them a restrained dignity. These early Sadeli boxes are now very rare indeed.
The carved Anglo Indian boxes fall into two very distinctive categories:
1. Early 19th century sandalwood boxes which were finely carved with repetitive floral and bird motifs and
2. Later 19th and 20th century wooden boxes much more crudely carved with or without late period Sadeli mosaic.
There are of course variations in the quality of these later boxes and some of them are very striking.
Boxes from the first category are very rare. ”
19C Anglo Indian Carved Padouk Wood with Sadeli Mosaic Inlay Sewing Box
Provenance: Part of our extensive Anglo-Indian Collection.
Dimensions: 12.5 inches wide, 8.8 inches deep and 4.5 inches tall
Condition: Fair to Good original condition. Some minor professional repairs and losses.