Queen’s Arrival at Belfast 1849

Queen’s Arrival at Belfast 1849.

Queen's Arrival at Belfast 1849

Presenting a part of the Murphy-Proud Collection of RARE 19th Century Illustrations from the original newspapers of the Illustrated London News (ILN).

Download our PDF Introduction to this Collection:

Murphy-Proud Introduction PDF



This LARGE framed and matted original print depicts The Queen’s Visit to Belfast in 1849.

This scene evokes memories of the Anglo-Saxon influence on Irish Society during the 19th Century.

The scenes were sketched and recorded by “W.P.” and appeared in the edition of “The ILN” newspaper on 4th August 1849.

The Scene features an article and sketch of the Queen’s ship arriving in Belfast and the parade as part of the Royal Visit of 1849.



The eleven-day visit to Cork, Dublin and Belfast of Queen Victoria on 2-12 August 1849 took place against what at first sight seems like a highly unpromising background.  The preceding years had seen the rise of a mass agitation for repeal of the act of union, and more recently, in 1848, the armed insurrection associated with the Young Ireland movement.  The Whig government had declared that the social crisis caused by the failure of the potato crop was over, and had ended emergency relief works.  Yet the Famine, all too evidently, was still happening.  The workhouses were full and deaths from starvation were once again commonplace.  Cholera, appearing in March 1849, cut a further swathe through a population weakened by prolonged food shortages.  Despite all this, however, the queen and her entourage were received, in all three centres they visited, with displays of fervent loyalty. ‘The enthusiasm and excitement shown by the Irish people,’ she recorded in her diary, ‘was extreme. ....  We feel so deeply touched at the affectionate loyalty of the poor Irish.’  Her lord lieutentant, the earl of Clarendon, agreed.  ‘ ... when one considers how much might have gone wrong in bringing the sovereign and this excitable country together for the first time, it was equally pleasant and strange that all went as if by clockword and as one could desire the whole time Her Majesty was in the country.’
Claredon’s relief related to the queen’s visit to Cork, where the royal yacht anchored on the nights of 3 and 4 August, and Dublin, where she stayed for a further six days. As a result of the municipal reform act of 1840, both towns were under the control of nationalist councils.  Clarendon, indeed, called Cork’s municipal authority ‘the most notorious ruffians in Ireland, worse even than their brethren of Dublin’.  In the third town on the queen’s itinerary, Belfast, which she visited for five hours on 11 August, things were very different, in that all forty seats on the town council were held by the Conservative party. Here what impressed observers was the willingness of the citizens to set aside their already notorious sectarian divisions and present a united front of loyalty.  The Catholic bishop, Cornelius Denvir, was a member of the organising committee, and the Catholic butchers of Hercules Street, so often the shock troops in the town’s sectarian affrays, were among those who erected a banner to welcome the queen.
The other striking feature of the queen’s visit to Belfast was the widespread use, in the banners and emblems that greeted the royal procession, of symbols of Irish identity. ‘ ... the favourite motto written up everywhere on most of the arches & in every place’, the queen noted in her diary,  ‘was “Cead Mille failte”, which means “a hundred thousand welcomes” in Irish, which is very like [Scots] Gaelic & is in fact the national language.’  The slogan appeared even in front of the offices of the staunchly Protestant and Conservative Belfast News Letter, alongside the royal arms and the letters V and A (for Victoria and Albert).  Elsewhere too harps and shamrocks sat alongside the conventional symbols of British loyalism, such as the union flag, the cross of St George, and banners proclaiming ‘God Save the Queen’. All this, of course, was long before the rise of the Gaelic League and the Gaelic Athletic Association had politicised issues of language and culture.  Yet the enthusiasm with which such symbols were flourished is nevertheless significant. Belfast, in the years immediately preceding the visit, had emerged as a strong centre of opposition to any weakening of the act of union. Its inhabitants were also increasingly fond of pointing to the contrast between their industrial success and the depressed condition of urban centres in the Catholic and nationalist south. Yet they did not at this stage show any disposition to deny that theirs too was an Irish town.
The triumphant success of the royal visit has left historians of Irish nationalism slightly at a loss.  For J.H. Murphy the episode, and further successful visits in later years, provides evidence that the influence of republicanism in nineteenth-century Ireland has been exaggerated.  Instead, he suggests, there was a deep ambivalence towards the crown and the royal family, continuing into the early nineteenth century. James Loughlin, on the other hand, offers a more short term explanation.  The queen’s visit, he suggests, offered colourful and attractive ceremonial, and it came at a time when, with nationalism in disarray and the economy in turmoil, there was no consistent set of opposition beliefs to provide a basis on which it could be challenged.  The alternative assessment of the lord lieutenant, the earl of Clarendon, is also worth considering.  The Irish, he believed were pleased not just with the queen’s gracious demeanour, but with themselves: ‘it has raised the people in their own estimation. ... They are no longer “outside barbarians” whom it was unsafe for the Queen to approach but have placed themselves on a level with the English and Scotch.’
 At the same time that he thus expressed his satisfaction with the outcome of the queen’s visit, Clarendon offered a sober assessment of the long term outcome.  The presence of the queen for a few days ‘cannot of course produce social reformation, not at once remove evils that are the growth of ages’.  And, indeed, the general harmony of August 1849 did not last.  The queen made further visits to Ireland, but her enthusiasm for the country waned as its inhabitants showed themselves to be, in her view, ungrateful and disloyal. Scotland, not Ireland, became her preferred holiday destination in the Celtic fringes of her kingdom.  In Belfast, too, sectarian squabbling quickly resumed, while over the next few decades political attitudes hardened to the point that any display of interest in Gaelic antiquities or language was taken as evidence of political disloyalty.  Yet despite these long term outcomes, the queen’s Irish visit of 1-12 August 1849 deserve to be remembered.  It provides a snap-shot of nationalism and unionism in the process of taking shape.  In doing so it reminds us that political identities are constructed only slowly and unevenly, and that if we want to understand the attitudes of people in the past it is never wise to read history backwards.

Link: https://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/irishhistorylive/IrishHistoryResources/Articlesandlecturesbyourteachingstaff/QueenVictoriainIrelandAugust1849/


As previously discussed, the 19th Century was a time of great upheaval in Ireland.

In the mid-19th Century you had the disastrous Potato Famine, mass death and emigration, mass tenant evictions and the formation of groups like the Land League, Home Rule and the Irish Republican Brotherhood or Fenians'.

Much of this discontent, was due to the GLARINGLY OBVIOUS problems with the class system that was operated, pretty much, throughout the British Empire.....but very OBVIOUSLY in Ireland. 

In Ireland, you had the Upper Class or Lorded Gentry who were 'top of the pile' (in every sense)........they lived in luxury and their lifestyles were mainly supported on the backs of tenant farmers who paid most of what they earned or grew to the local Lord or Landlord, in tithe or rent.

Then you had the middle class (or more like....Upper Middle Class). They were mainly people engaged in the 'noble' professions like, Lawyers, Barristers, Doctors, Civil Servants, Rent Agents, Shopkeepers, etc. They lived a comfortable lifestyle and were predominantly.......loyal to the British Empire.

In Ireland, these people were commonly referred to by the poorer Irish people and rebels, as "West-Brits" due to their Anglophile natures and English type accents and lifestyles.

To this day....this phrase or tag is still used in Ireland to refer to Anglophiles.

Then, you had the 'Lower Classes".....or 'The Working Classes'.........OR IN THE CASE of Ireland in the 19th Century.....'The Poor Class" !!

The latter, were made up of Irish people living in slums in the Cities (like Dublin, Cork, Limerick and Galway) 'scratching' a living as best they could and small tenant farmers and their families living in the Countryside.

POVERTY was rife....STARVATION was rife.

Emigration was the ONLY hope for most..............and even this was unaffordable to many of them.

It cost money to book a passage to a new life in the "New World' ! 

Many were so poor and hungry they did not even survive the trans-Atlantic voyage......hence the term "Coffin Ships" !

This Sketch is clearly targeting the English market. The best of Irish Society enjoying their evening at the Royal Ball in Dublin Castle......all fun, elegance and tranquility.

The Irish are clearly loyal Monarchists !!

Again, do not forget.....this was a British publication.....for a British audience or an audience loyal to the British Empire.

Either way, this piece is a glorious historical record of times past.

The sketcher was "Sydney P. Hall".



Queen's Arrival at Belfast 1849.

This is an ORIGINAL copy of the print or illustration and is from the ILN's edition of the 4th August 1849.



The Illustrated London News was the world's first illustrated weekly news magazine; its inaugural issue appeared on Saturday, 14 May 1842. The magazine was published weekly until 1971, and less frequently thereafter. Publication ceased in 2003. The company continues today as Illustrated London News Ltd., a publishing, content and digital agency in London, England. The publication and business archives of The Illustrated London News and the Great Eight Publications are held by Illustrated London News Ltd.

llustrated London News founder Herbert Ingram was born in Boston, Lincolnshire, in 1811, and opened a printing, newsagent and bookselling business in Nottingham around 1834 in partnership with his brother-in-law, Nathaniel Cooke.[1] As a newsagent, Ingram was struck by the reliable increase in newspaper sales when they featured pictures and shocking stories. Ingram began to plan a weekly newspaper that would contain pictures in every edition.[2]

Ingram rented an office, recruited artists and reporters, and employed as his editor Frederick William Naylor Bayley (1808–1853), formerly editor of the National Omnibus. The first issue of The Illustrated London News appeared on Saturday, 14 May 1842, timed to report on the young Queen Victoria's first masquerade ball.[3] Its 16 pages and 32 wood engravings covered topics such as the war in Afghanistan, a train crash in France, a survey of the candidates for the US presidential election, extensive crime reports, theatre and book reviews, and a list of births, marriages and deaths. Ingram hired 200 men to carry placards through the streets of London promoting the first edition of his new newspaper.[4]

Costing sixpence, the first issue sold 26,000 copies. Despite this initial success, sales of the second and subsequent editions were disappointing. However, Ingram was determined to make his newspaper a success, and sent every clergyman in the country a copy of the edition which contained illustrations of the installation of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and by this means secured a great many new subscribers.

Its circulation soon increased to 40,000 and by the end of its first year was 60,000. In 1851, after the newspaper published Joseph Paxton's designs for the Crystal Palace before even Prince Albert had seen them, the circulation rose to 130,000. In 1852, when it produced a special edition covering the funeral of the Duke of Wellington, sales increased to 150,000; and in 1855, mainly due to the newspaper reproducing some of Roger Fenton's pioneering photographs of the Crimean War (and also due to the abolition of the Stamp Act that taxed newspapers), it sold 200,000 copies per week.[4]

Competitors soon began to appear: Lloyd’s Illustrated Paper was founded later that year, while Reynold's Newspaper'' opened in 1850; both were successful Victorian publications, albeit less successful than The Illustrated London News.[5] Andrew Spottiswoode's Pictorial Times lost £20,000 before it was sold to Ingram by Henry Vizetelly, who had left the ILN to found it.[6] Ingram folded it into another purchase, The Lady's Newspaper, which became The Lady's Newspaper and Pictorial Times. Vitezelly was also behind a later competitor, The Illustrated Times in 1855, which was similarly bought out by Ingram in 1859.[5]

Ingram's other early collaborators left the business in the 1850s. Nathanial Cooke, his business partner and brother-in-law, found himself in a subordinate role in the business and parted on bad terms around 1854. 1858 saw the departure of William Little, who, in addition to providing a loan of £10,000, was printer and publisher of the paper for 15 years. Little's relationship with Ingram deteriorated over Ingram's harassment of their mutual sister-in-law.[1]

Herbert Ingram died on 8 September 1860 in a paddle-steamer accident on Lake Michigan, and he was succeeded as proprietor by his youngest son, William, who in turn was succeeded by his son, Sir Bruce Ingram (1877–1963) in 1900, who remained as editor until his death.

Link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Illustrated_London_News



LINK: http://www.historyireland.com/18th-19th-century-history/the-illustrated-london-news-the-work-of-aloysius/

This Book deals with the Artist....Mr. Aloysius O’Kelly.


The Murphy-Proud Collection is a large Privately acquired and held collection of ORIGINAL Illustrated London News (and some from the Graphic) illustrations from the 19th and early 20th centuries........all featuring Irish related stories, themes and illustrations. They have been in the family's ownership and possession for some time and are only now being released for sale.

What makes these illustrations ALL THE MORE INTERESTING historically, is the fact that they view the 'Irish Problem" from a distinctly British point of view. After all, the Illustrated London News was a London publication. The illustrations can even be categorized as being British propaganda pieces. You will note that many of the descriptions of the Irish and the events unfolding are dealt with in a manner that is 'less sympathetic' to the Irish point of view and much more leaning towards the 'troublemaker', 'vagabond' depiction of the Irish !! They are Historically accurate in that the events did happen......but distinctly 'biased' in their interpretations of what was happening !!! This makes them an ABSOLUTELY FASCINATING historical record.

Queen's Arrival at Belfast 1849..

This is your chance to acquire an ORIGINAL piece of Irish History from the dates when the events were ACTUALLY OCCURRING !!

These are not to be confused with reprints that are available to buy online.


Certificate of Authenticity Illustrations

If you are Irish, Irish-American, Anglo-Irish or just a lover of all things historic then these prints are for you !!

Check out the Murphy-Proud Collection in greater detail on our Website and see the vast array of Irish related topics dealt with by these illustrations ............

you are BOUND to find one or more that you will love and MUST HAVE !!

Also, check out the other Illustrations dealing with this and other Royal Visits to Ireland.

Queen's Arrival at Belfast 1849.

Condition: Overall in near MINT condition.  It has been framed in a simple plain black frame with acid free matting and back board.

Provenance: From the Murphy-Proud Family

The Framing and Matting alone is worth $150.00.

Dimensions: 20.5" x  15." in Frame

We have 2 of these prints.

Price: $350.00 SALE PRICE NOW: $275.00