Jeffersons Notes on the State of Virginia 2nd Edition

Jeffersons Notes on the State of Virginia 2nd Edition.


Jeffersons Notes on the State of Virginia 2nd Edition.

This is an ORIGINAL ‘Thomas Jefferson’s Notes on the State of Virginia Second Edition , Philadelphia, Printed for Mathew Carey No. 118, Market Street, November 12, 1794’.

Not only is the Book EXTREMELY IMPORTANT in it’s own right….because of it’s RARITY….. but this Book also has 2 Additional pieces of Provenance and Rarity.

The Book has 2 signatures…..the first being of T.H. Hume….presumably the original owner. We have identified this as Thomas Hume, whose father (George III) was originally from Virginia but moved to Kentucky.

The other signature and owner of this Book was Major William Alexander Obenchain, originally of Virginia, but had moved to Bowling Green, KY.

Both Thomas Hume and William Alexander Obenchain are important historical figures with completely different personal stories.

Jeffersons Notes on the State of Virginia.

Clan Home (pronounced and sometimes spelt Hume) is a Scottish clan. They were a Border family of immense power.

Clan member crest badge - Clan Home.svg
Home/Hume Clan Crest

The Homes trace their descent in the male-line from¬†Cospatrick I¬†(died after 1074), the Anglo-Danish¬†Earl of Northumbria. His descendant William de Home, a younger son of¬†Patrick, Earl of Dunbar, adopted the surname following his acquisition of the lands of¬†Home¬†and¬†Greenlaw¬†in Berwickshire in the early 13th century.William’s arms featured the silver lion of Dunbar but with a green field instead of a red field, in reference to his lands of Greenlaw.

In the 14th century, William’s descendant Sir Thomas Home married Nichola, heiress to the Pepdies of¬†Dunglass¬†From this marriage the Homes acquired the lands of Dunglass (where they built the¬†Collegiate Church of Dunglass, still extant today), and also began quartering their arms with those of Pepdie, being three green “papingoes” or parrots in a silver field¬†This is one of the earliest examples of quartering in Scottish heraldry.

Sir Thomas and Nicola had two sons.The first, Alexander, succeeded to the chieftaincy of the family, while the second, David, founded the family’s principle cadet branch, the Homes of¬†Wedderburn.

Home/Hume Clan Tartan:

17th century and Civil War:

 Hume Castle was the original seat of the chiefs of Clan Home (Hume)

When James VI of Scotland travelled to England to take possession of his new kingdom in 1603 as James I of England, he stopped at Dunglass and Lord Home accompanied him to London. Home was raised to the title of Earl of Home in March 1605.

The third Earl of Home was a staunch supporter of¬†King Charles I.¬†In 1648 he was colonel of the Berwickshire Regiment of Foot. In 1650 when¬†Oliver Cromwell¬†invaded Scotland he made a point of seizing Home’s castle which was then garrisoned by Parliament’s troops.

18th century and Jacobite Risings:

The Homes also changed sides during the Jacobite risings of the eighteenth century. During the Jacobite rising of 1715, the seventh Earl of Home was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle His brother James Home of Ayton had his estates confiscated for his part in the rebellion.

During the Jacobite rising of 1745 the eighth Earl of Home joined British government forces under Sir John Cope at Dunbar. He later fought at the Battle of Prestonpans.The earl rose to the rank of Lieutenant General and was appointed Governor of Gibraltar where he died in 1761.

Henry Home, Lord Kames was a distinguished eighteenth century lawyer who published several important works on Scots law which are still highly regarded. David Hume was perhaps the most highly regarded British philosopher of the eighteenth century.



Firstly…..many thanks to Mr. Bill Putman of MA …. a descendant of Kentucky George Hume for providing the public with the geneology of the Hume Family in the US, most of which we replicate here.

The Hume Family home was Wedderburn Castle in Scotland….In the Borders Region near Edinburgh.

The Humes held the Title of Barons of Wedderburn…..and possessed the Estate at Wedderburn and Marchmont.

Photo of the Remains of the original Home (Hume ) Castle at Wedderburn:

Photo of the current Wedderburn Castle built in the late 18th Century (after some of the Hume’s had been ‘banished’ to America):

“George Hume was born at Wedderburn (Hume) Castle in Scotland on May 30, 1698. Together with his
father, Sir George, and his uncle Francis, he participated in the Jacobite rebellion of 1715.
The Jacobites were supporters of the Stuart claim to the throne of England after the expulsion of
James II in 1688. They supported James son, Prince James Francis Edward. When the Stuarts
were defeated at the Battle of Culloden, by the English, the Humes were stripped of their power and made to pay
for supporting the losing side.
George’s uncle, Sir Francis Hume was banished to the colonies in 1715. Sir Francis died a few
years later. After two years in prison, George Hume was deported to join him in Virginia.
George’s cousin was the Colonial Governor Spottswood in Williamsburgh. Governor Spottswood
had remained loyal to the Crown and young George Hume was placed under his care.
George Hume arrived in Virginia in 1721 and in 1723 became a royal surveyor. In 1727-28, he
laid out the present city of Fredericksburg, Virginia.
George served as a lieutenant in the Colonial Troops of Spottsylvania County under Captain
William Bledsoe. He produced his commission in open court and took oath on September 2,
1729. This service will entitle descendants to membership in the Society of Colonial Dames and
the Society of Colonial Wars.
On February 16, 1727 George Hume married Elizabeth Proctor, daughter of George and Mary
Proctor. Elizabeth was living in Fredericksburg in Spottsylvania County while George was
establishing his reputation as a surveyor here.
In 1731 George Hume received his commission as Deputy to the King and with a marriage
dower of 2,000 acres he and his family took up residence in Fredericksburg, Virginia.
From the ages of 16 to 18, George Washington studied surveying as an apprentice under George
Hume in Fredericksburg.
George, like all the Humes, was an Episcopalian and was a vestryman in St. George’s Parish.
George was King’s surveyor for Lord Fairfax from 1743 to 1750 in Orange County, Virginia.
The latter part of his life was spent in Culpeper where he was surveyor during the 1750s. George
Hume died in Culpeper which at the time was in Madison County, Virginia in 1760.
George and Elizabeth Hume had six children: GEORGE HUME JR., Francis, John, William,
James and Charles Hume.

George Hume the second was born in Culpeper County, Virginia in 1729. In 1754, he married
Jane Stanton, the daughter of Thomas Stanton.

George Hume the second was born at Culpeper, Virginia in 1729. He married Jane Stanton,
daughter of Thomas Stanton in Culpeper in 1754. He had been his father’s assistant surveyor as
early as the 1750s. As he was the eldest, he carried on the tradition. He was also Administrator of
his father’s estate when it was finally settled in 1775.
George was known in family circles as Virginia George as opposed to his son, Kentucky George.
He was a sergeant in the First Virginia Regiment under Colonel George Gibson during the
American Revolutionary War serving from September 14, 1777 to March, 1778.
George died in Culpeper in 1802 and his wife died there earlier, but the date of her death is not
George and Jane Hume had the following children: George (“Kentucky George”), Reuben, Charles, William, JOHN,
Elizabeth, Frances and Sarah Hume.

George Hume III:
`Kentucky George’ was born on May 21, 1759. He married Susannah Crigler about 1782 or
1783. Susannah was born on January 3, 1762 and was the daughter of Christopher and Catherine
(Finks) Crigler of Culpeper.
George died in Culpeper County in 1816.
George and Susannah had the following children:
JENNIE HUME born about 1784 who married William Finks.
THOMAS HUME born on February 21, 1785. He married Mary Helen Thomas on June 12,
1828……this is OUR Thomas Hume…..the eldest son of Kentucky George.”


As the eldest son, Thomas Hume took up the claim of his father and grandfather against the British Crown, to seek recovery of their lands and title in Scotland…..unfortunately, he was ultimately unsuccessful.

This book was published in 1794….thereby making Thomas Hume the most likely member of the Hume Family to have acquired and signed it.

Additional Link:

What makes this Book OUTSTANDING and IMPORTANT is it’s provenance and history!!


Major William Alexander Obenchain was also a man of prominence in Bowling Green and Virginia.

He served as a Major on General Lee’s Staff during the Civil War. He was a member of the Virginia Militia and was on Gen. Lee’s Corps of Engineers.

He helped prepare a Map of Richmond, VA prior to the famous Battle of Richmond (and we have this Map in the Collection).

At the conclusion, of the Civil War, Major Obenchain signed his ‚Äėsurrender papers and oath to the Union‚Äô, which we also have in the Collection.

After the War, ‚ÄėThe Major‚Äô became the President of Ogden College in Bowling Green, Kentucky where he met and married Lida Calvert Hall (a successful author and early suffragist).

We have ‚ÄėThe Major‚Äôs‚Äô personal ‚ÄėScrap Book‚Äô with newspaper cuttings relating to Ogden College, in the Collection.

We can only ‘surmise’ that William Alexander Obenchain acquired this book from the family of Thomas Hume in Kentucky.

Calvert Hall,Obenchain,McMillan,Godwin Introduction PDF



Jeffersons Notes on the State of Virginia.

SPECIFIC PROVENANCE: Part of the Lida Calvert Hall/Obenchain/ McMillan/Godwin Collection.

Calvert Hall,Obenchain,McMillan,Godwin Introduction PDF

Jefferson’s Notes on the State of Virginia 2nd Edition.

Condition: The book has minor condition issues as one would expect with a Book this old. The dust jacket is ripped and loosely fitting. The pages have considerable foxing. The hardback cover and binding is still pretty good and the book is perfectly legible.

Provenance: See above.

Dimensions: 8.25″ x 5.75″ (1.5″ thick)

Price Now: $8,000 

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