Irish Crystal Quartz Mantel Clock with Pendulum

Irish Crystal Quartz Mantel Clock with Pendulum.



Irish Crystal Quartz Mantel Clock with Pendulum

Lovely 20th Century Irish Crystal Quartz Mantel Clock with Pendulum.

Quartz movement that swings the pendulum………..in perfect working order.

Very decorative !!

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HISTORY OF IRISH CRYSTAL: Glass first came to Ireland with the Celts who used it in beads and jewellery. It wasn't until the 17th century that a technical innovation in glass-making ultimately gave birth to an industry that would make Ireland famous for her superb mouth-blown, cut crystal.

In 1676, English glassmaker George Ravenscroft patented a remarkable discovery: by adding lead oxide to the materials which would become the molten glass, he found that it would make the final product hard and clear, but soft enough to carve. While the addition of lead makes the material more difficult to blow, the Irish would develop techniques that support lead contents as high as 33%, the modern mark of fine lead crystal.

In the meantime, it would take a few more decades before Ireland became a center for glassmaking. One critically influential event took place in 1685 on the continent. That was when Louis XIV repealed the Edict of Nantes. For French and Flemish Huguenots, this meant a loss of personal freedoms and probable persecution. To escape the intolerable conditions, they fled to England and Ireland and brought with them their trades and crafts - including the art of glassmaking.

Yet another important event took place when 18th-century English legislation banned the use of wood as a fuel source in making glass. If you've ever wondered why cities such as Waterford, Cork, Dublin and Belfast became glass-making centers, it's simply because they are ports. Manufacturers turned to coal as a fuel source and since Ireland had very little in the way of native coal, it was imported.

In 1771, the first crystal factory in Ireland was established in Dungannon, County Tyrone in Northern Ireland. To this day, some of the finest mouth-blown crystal in the world comes from Tyrone Irish Crystal.

In 1783, brothers George and William Penrose founded the Penrose Glass House in Waterford. During that same year, Cork Glass House was established. Then, in 1818, The Waterloo Glass Company and Terrace Glass Works also opened for business in Cork. These manufacturers and others would thrive, at least in part because a tax on the weight of materials used in glass manufacturing in England and Scotland did not apply in Ireland. However, politics and the potato famine almost put an end to the blossoming Irish glass industry.

In 1825, the tax on the weight of materials was extended to glass operations in Ireland. Just as grim was the 1800 Act of Union which prohibited the export of Irish glass products - even to England. But the biggest disaster of all came with the Great Hunger of the 1840s which led to mass emigration and the departure of many skilled craftsmen. By the 1850s, Ireland's glass industry was just about non-existent. It would take a hundred years before it was revived.

In the late 1940s, a group of businessmen recruited a staff of artisans and laid the foundation for Waterford Crystal. By 1951, crystal was in production and by the 1980s, the company was the largest producer of crystal in the world. Theirs is not the only success story. In 1968, Edward Taylor established the Dublin Crystal Class Company at Blackrock, Co. Dublin. And in Co. Tyrone, Father Austin Eustace sought American investment and established the Tyrone Crystal Factory to address the severe unemployment in Dungannon - ironically, the location of the very first Irish crystal factory.

By the 1970s and 1980s, craftsmen trained at the first of the re-established firms had branched out and today, glassworks flourish throughout Ireland.

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Irish Crystal Quartz Mantel Clock with Pendulum.

Provenance: Bought Privately in Ireland.

Dimensions; 8" tall, 4.1" wide and 2.3" deep

Condition: Excellent.Working.

Price: $60.00. Sale Price Now: $48.00

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Irish Crystal Quartz Mantel Clock with Pendulum

Irish Crystal Quartz Mantel Clock with Pendulum

Irish Crystal Quartz Mantel Clock with Pendulum

Irish Crystal Quartz Mantel Clock with Pendulum

Irish Crystal Quartz Mantel Clock with Pendulum