Early 20C Globe Wernicke 5 Section Barristers Bookcase. [headline style="16" font_size="24" font_font="Arial%20Black" font_style="bold" align="center" headline_tag="h2"]Early…
Globe Wernicke 5 Stack Barristers Bookcase
Presenting a RARE Early 20C Globe Wernicke 5 Section Barristers Bookcase.
From circa 1910 and made of dark oak with boxwood lining in each drawer.
5 detachable sections on a solid footed base and pelmet top.
Each section has a glass panel of door that tilts upwards and backwards to access books etc.
All sections have the original Globe Wernicke label.
Made by the well known and desirable maker….Globe Wernicke of Cincinnati, Ohio.
This bookcase also has a great story as can been seen in it’s provenance.
The Globe-Wernicke Company was formed as a result of the Cincinnati based Globe Files Company (est. in 1882) purchasing the Minneapolis based Wernicke Company, founded in 1893 by Otto Wernicke, in 1899. The company is best known for their high end bookcases, Desks, and other office furniture. Globe Wernicke established factories in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, France and Germany.
The company patented the ‘elastic bookcases’ also known as a modular bookcase. These were a high quality stacking book shelves, with a standard width of 34 inches, in Oak, Walnut and Mahogany, capable of being adapted to fit together to form a bookcase which could either be all of the same measurements or which could be re-arranged by the insertion of units of different depths and heights. These glass fronted shelves now are proving to be collectable, desirable and usable antiques – with regularity these bookcases appear in auctions and internet sites and, what originally cost $75 or so will now be sold for $900 or more.
During World War II 90% of the company’s business in the US was converted to produce military equipment.
Globe Wernicke 5 Stack Barristers Bookcase
John Calloway “Jack” Walton (March 6, 1881 – November 25, 1949) was an American politician and the fifth Governor of Oklahoma. He served the shortest term of any Governor of Oklahoma, being the first Governor in the state’s history to be removed from office.
Following his removal from office, he entered the primary for a seat in the United States Senate, winning the Democratic nomination, but losing to William B. Pine, a Republican. He was elected to the Oklahoma Corporation Commission in 1932 and served until 1939, running for governor again in 1934 and 1938. He died in 1949 and is buried in Rose Hill Cemetery in Oklahoma City.
Walton was inaugurated as the fifth Governor of Oklahoma on January 9, 1923. Walton represented the progressive wing of the Democratic Party and his policies reflected this. Despite this, many of the programs in his domestic policy (the Reconstruction League) were accepted by the Oklahoma Legislature and 1923 proved to be one of the most progressive legislative sessions in the state’s history. Among Walton’s reforms were an expanded farm cooperative program to aid troubled farms, a revision of the Workman’s Compensation Law for improved benefits to employees, and stronger warehouse inspection laws to satisfy Oklahoma’s cotton and wheat farmers.
Walton looked to his predecessor Robertson for many ideas of his administration. Just as education had been a large part of Robertson’s programs, so it became with Walton. Walton passed through the Legislature Oklahoma’s first program to allow free text books to all students in Oklahoma’s schools and a grant of over $1,000,000 in state funds to aid weak schools. In true progressive manner, Walton instituted harsher penalties for breaking state laws and regulations, increased spending on welfare programs, and instituted a farm stabilization program under the supervision of the State Board of Agriculture.
Walton’s troubles first began when he began to flip-flop between those progressives who supported his programs and those conservatives who did not. Walton began to lose control of the Legislature and by trying to appeal to both sides, lost all support. Hoping to regain his lost support, Walton attempted to gain factional support by making appointments of the faction leaders to the higher level government and educational positions. Though he would see minor success in this venture, in the long term this proved to be ineffective.
By 1921, the white racist Ku Klux Klan had grown to dangerous levels of power, which resulted in the Tulsa Race Riot in which angry whites raged through black neighborhoods, beating and killing. As many as ten thousand were left homeless with 36 dead. The violnce continued during Walton’s administration. In order to crack down on the Klan, Walton declared martial law in Okmulgee and Tulsa counties, and the suspended the writ of habeas corpus in Tulsa County.
However, the Oklahoma Constitution strictly forbid any member of the state government from suspending this writ and the legislature was outraged by Governor Walton’s action. In response, a Grand Jury was established in Oklahoma City and charged with investigating. Following the announcement of the creation of the grand jury, on September 15, 1923, Walton declared “absolute martial law” for the entire state. Impeachment demands filled the State Capitol and the leaders of the House of Representatives and Senate acted by calling a special session on October 2nd.
Hoping to prevent the impeachment charges from being carried out, Walton called the Legislature into a special session of his own on October 11 with the topic being the KKK. The Legislature refused to meet and recessed until October 17 when impeachment charges could be organized. Under the supervision of the Speaker of the House William Dalton McBee, the House brought twenty-two charges against Walton, and voted for impeachment. Soon after, on October 23, Walton was suspended in his office as Governor and Lieutenant Governor Martin E. Trapp became acting Governor.
Representative Wesley E. Disney (D-Tulsa), acted as the prosecutor in the Senate in its function as the Court of Impeachment, which was presided over by the Chief Justice. Of the House’s twenty-two charges, eleven were sustained, including “illegal collection of campaign funds, padding the public payroll, suspension of habeas corpus, excessive use of the pardon power, and general incompetence.” On November 19, 1923, Walton was convicted and removed from office. Lieutenant Governor Trapp succeeded Walton and became the sixth Governor of Oklahoma on the same day.
The impeachment is said to have “frightened” the state “into a system of preferential voting as an escape from minority nominations.” Walton received only “an extremely small per cent of the total votes cast” in the Democratic primary, yet was still selected as the Democratic candidate. This perceived injustice induced the Legislature to adopt a different electoral system. Eventually, they created the primary electoral system in the state.
Early 20C Globe Wernicke 5 Section Barristers Bookcase.
Provenance: From a Private Collector in University Park, Dallas. The original family owner was a famous lawyer/legislator in Oklahoma who was directly involved in the impeachment of Jack C. Walton in 1923.
Condition: Very Good.
Dimensions: 79″ tall, 34.25″ wide and 11.5″ deep