Early 19C Russian Sterling Silver Candlesticks

Early 19C Russian Sterling Silver Candlesticks.

PRESENTING a matching Pair of VERY RARE Early 19th Century Sterling Silver Russian Candlesticks from circa 1820.

The candlestick’s hallmarks are difficult to read (due to age) but we can identify the “84” Mark (Russian Silver Mark for 875), a makers mark of  “C.T.” or possibly “G.T.” and a faint city mark which we are of the opinion is the mark for ‘St. Petersburg’. The base of each candlestick has a mark “I.F.O.” and a Number “2”.

The candlesticks are in SUPERB ORIGINAL CONDITION.

They have a beautiful ‘Georgian’ or ‘Regency’ style design about them. Beautiful chased fluting on all sides on a solid fluted base. The candleholders are removeable and they have the main hallmarks and the base has the “I.F.O.” mark. We have no doubt, that both the top and bases, are fully original to each other.

We can estimate the date of these candlesticks based on 3 reasons:- (1) The style and design and (2) From 1798 the 84 zolotniki became the minimum standard for Russian Silver, (3) It became common practice to mark the date on Russian Silver from the Mid-19th Century until it became compulsory in 1896 had to have the Imperial Mark and date on each piece.

Russian Silver

The Russian silver standard is based on the zolotnik, a word derived from the Slavonic word for gold.  The zolotnik was originally a gold coin circulating in Kievan Rus in the late 11th century, and was originally pegged to 1/96th of a Russian pound, which was later changed to 1/72nd of a Russian pound. One zolotnik is equal to 4,266 grams.

Despite the fact that the vast majority of Russian silver objects on E-Bay are called “Sterling,” there is no such thing as Russian Sterling.  A variety of purities, also called titre ratings, are used for Russian silver, and when you convert them to the metric parts per thousand, you come up with the following degrees of purity:

84 zol. = 875/1000
88 zol. = 916,6/1000
91 zol. = 947,9/1000

There are others, but these are seldom encountered.  By far the most common is the “84.”  This degree of purity is by far the most common, and became the standard for every-day silver purity.  Here on E-Bay, we frequently encounter 84! as a screaming assertion of Russian origins.  This is a bad mistake, which frequently leads purchasers to make bad decisions.  The “84” punch by itself proves nothing other than the existance of an “84” punch.  The zolotnik standard was used throughout the Middle East, parts of Europe, and in the Persian Empire.  In Russia, the “84” was always accompanied by several other punches:  a regional or city punch, an assay master’s punch, and a maker’s punch are frequently encountered.  All but the maker’s punch were required by law during the 18th and 19th centuries. This marking system remained in use until 1899.  At that time, widespread use of a national assay marking system, the Kokoshnik (after a traditional headdress worn on the woman’s head on the punch), was instituted.

Saint Petersburg (RussianСанкт-Петербу́рг, is Russia’s second-largest city after Moscow, with five million inhabitants in 2012. An important Russian port on the Baltic Sea, it has a status of a federal subject (a federal city).

Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea, it was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27 [O.S. 16] 1703. In 1914, the name was changed from Saint Petersburg to Petrograd(RussianПетрогра́д,), in 1924 to Leningrad (RussianЛенингра́д,), and in 1991 back to Saint Petersburg. Between 1713 and 1728 and in 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the capital of imperial Russia. In 1918, the central government bodies moved to Moscow.

Link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Petersburg


Early 19C Russian Sterling Silver Candlesticks

Provenance: From a Very Fine Private New York Collection.

Dimensions: Each is 12.5″ tall with a base diameter of 6.5″

Condition: Excellent. One Candlestick has a slightly uneven base.

Price Now: $2,400 (Pair)

Early 19C Russian Sterling Silver Candlesticks

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