19C French Provincial Oak Cane Dining Chairs. Lovely set of 6 French Provincial oak cane…
17C English William & Mary Oak and Cane Armchair.
PRESENTING A BEAUTIFUL and EXTREMELY RARE English William & Mary Armchair……17th Century…circa 1690.
Lovely proportions and beautifully carved……..perfect for a home study, library or den or simply any home of elegance!!
Elegant, Historical simplicity !!
Beautifully hand carved chair. The front of the chair has to scrolling front legs connected by a scrolling and arched central support. The Front legs are connected to the rear legs by ‘H’ shaped supports. All turned and fluted.
The seat is caned and either side of the seat are 2 gorgeous scrolling arms, each arm curving outwards to make for a more comfortable sitting position. The patina of the British Oak on the arms is simply GLORIOUS!
The arms the connect to the back splat (which is likewise caned) with turned and fluted side supports, ending in a matching scrolled top on the back splat.
The caning to the back splat is recent and the caning to the seat more historical but in super condition.
The left arm has a professional repair that is not noticeable.
Otherwise the piece is in AMAZING condition for it’s age.
Gorgeous 330 year old oak patina !!!
What later came to be known as the William and Mary style is a furniture design common from 1700 to 1725 in the Netherlands, the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Scotland, and later, in England’s American colonies. It was a transitional style between Mannerist furniture and Queen Anne furniture. Sturdy, emphasizing both straight lines and curves, and featuring elaborate carving and woodturning, the style was one of the first to imitate Asian design elements such as japanning.
In 1688, James II of England was deposed by his daughter, Mary, and her husband, William of Orange, in what came to be known as the “Glorious Revolution”. From birth in 1650, William had reigned over five provinces of the Dutch Republic, and Mary had lived in the Netherlands with him after their marriage in 1677. William and Mary brought to their kingdoms a taste for Dutch furniture styles, as well as a number of Dutch furniture-makers. Although movement toward what would come to be called the William and Mary style had begun during the reign of Charles II of England, primarily due to the influence of his Portuguese-born queen, Catherine of Braganza, the style became defined and widely accepted during the reigns of William (d. 1702) and Mary (d. 1694), initially jointly and then after Mary’s death, of William alone.
The William and Mary style was influenced by recent French furniture traditions, which in turn were influenced by Italian Baroque furniture designs. William and Mary style furniture emphasized unity, so that all elements contributed to an overall shape or look. It also featured high relief carving, strong curves,[a] and elaborate woodturning. Despite these elements, the style was fairly squat, heavy-looking, and obviously sturdy. Straight lines are common. Paint, stains, or different kind of wood were used to create contrasting colors, which was another element of this style. Japanning, a technique of varnishing which was very popular at the time, was also used on this furniture design. For chairs, woven cane seats and heavily-scrolled backs predominated. Toward the end of the style, cane-woven seats and backs had given way to leather, and straight or slightly angled backs had given way to serpentine forms.
Other decorative arts such as architecture, ceramics, silver, and textiles could also feature elements of the William and Mary style. The design movement had an extremely positive impact on the craftsmanship and quality of British furniture.
The William and Mary style was a transitional style between Mannerist and Queen Anne furniture. The William and Mary style was very popular in Britain from 1700 to 1725, and in America until about 1735. It was largely supplanted in both nations by Queen Anne style furniture.
Daniel Marot, a French Huguenot, was employed by King William and Queen Mary to design furniture for them, and became deeply influential on English, Scottish, and Welsh furniture during this period. Dutch furniture craftsman Gerrit Jensen was appointed royal Cabinet Maker to the king and queen, and a great many works of his design were sold to wealthy British citizens of the day.
In Britain, case furniture[b] in the William and Mary style tended to feature simple flat surfaces but exquisitely carved trim. Provincial furniture-makers in Britain moved away from the woven cane seat, and developed the leather-covered wooden seat as a vernacular design. Split spindles also came into use, first rurally and then urbanly.
The daybed was developed in Britain as part of the William and Mary style. So, too, was the writing desk, which was an adaptation of the bureau-cabinet
17C English William & Mary Oak and Cane Armchair.
Provenance: From a Private Dallas Collection.
Dimensions: 51.5″ tall, 27″ wide and 24″ deep
Seat Height: 18″ Seat Depth: 17.5″ Seat Width: 22.75″
Condition: Overall very good.